The undertaken research is carried out in the framework of descriptive analyses, based on use of applied environmental economics approaches. The core of these approaches is comparative analysis. It includes comparative case studies of environmental situation on boundary space, resource investment projects, and Russian and Chinese environmental policy, institutional behavior of local and national government bodies (ministries and legislative organs) in ecological aspects.
Comparative time analysis for the most part is based on data of 1995, 2003, 2009 and 2014 year.
Data of 1995 go well from the long term retrospective and available analytic materials, devoted to security and cooperation in Northeast Asia presented at the Sixth International Conference on Asia-Pacific Affairs at Portland State University, 1995, when domain of environmental cooperation in the region was determined: governance of common pool, transboundary regional resources and ecosystem services; management of the trade-environment interface; 3) capacity-building .
Data of 2003 fit by reason of its turning character for Russian’s place in the region and explanation of new environmental situation in the region. Regional demand for energy resources, provided by Japan and China, has substantially increased. These countries demonstrated their interests for Russian energy resources. Russia comprehended necessity to make a choice - to prefer national interests or private benefits of the large petroleum companies. The choice was made not for the benefit of the private companies. These choices, as well as the subsequent events connected to UKOS, have shown, that in Russia, at least, at a federal level, the opinion has prevailed, that “we can tell business what to do”. This opinion essentially differs from the approach of many American experts – “we can not tell business what to do”.
Data of 2009 connected with “Argun crises” and represents in some sense breakeven point in Russian understanding of Chinese ecological policy. The year of 2014 as the year of “Russian Turn to the East” represents another breakeven point in Russian ecological perception of the region. The base concept for environmental boundary analyses is a concept of natural economic territory (NET) developed by famous American researcher R.Scalapino . The concept reflects internationalization of detached regions as opposed to traditional interactions between countries as holistic economic and political entities. The high level of such internationalization may lead to “some serious thinking on the future of Far East” .